Pages: 1-1 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12314 | Cited by: 1
Pages: 2-2 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12315 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 3-3 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12313 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 5-32 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12365 | Cited by: 459
R. DAVID MCLEAN, JEFFREY PONTIFF
We study the outâofâsample and postâpublication return predictability of 97 variables shown to predict crossâsectional stock returns. Portfolio returns are 26% lower outâofâsample and 58% lower postâpublication. The outâofâsample decline is an upper bound estimate of data mining effects. We estimate a 32% (58%â26%) lower return from publicationâinformed trading. Postâpublication declines are greater for predictors with higher inâsample returns, and returns are higher for portfolios concentrated in stocks with high idiosyncratic risk and low liquidity. Predictor portfolios exhibit postâpublication increases in correlations with other publishedâpredictor portfolios. Our findings suggest that investors learn about mispricing from academic publications.
Pages: 33-82 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12364 | Cited by: 106
KLAUS ADAM, ALBERT MARCET, JUAN PABLO NICOLINI
We show that consumptionâbased asset pricing models with timeâseparable preferences generate realistic amounts of stock price volatility if one allows for small deviations from rational expectations. Rational investors with subjective beliefs about price behavior optimally learn from past price observations. This imparts momentum and mean reversion into stock prices. The model quantitatively accounts for the volatility of returns, the volatility and persistence of the priceâdividend ratio, and the predictability of longâhorizon returns. It passes a formal statistical test for the overall fit of a set of moments provided one excludes the equity premium.
Pages: 83-138 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12361 | Cited by: 98
PAVEL SAVOR, MUNGO WILSON
Firms scheduled to report earnings earn an annualized abnormal return of 9.9%. We propose a riskâbased explanation for this phenomenon, whereby investors use announcements to revise their expectations for nonannouncing firms, but can only do so imperfectly. Consequently, the covariance between firmâspecific and market cash flow news spikes around announcements, making announcers especially risky. Consistent with our hypothesis, announcer returns forecast aggregate earnings. The announcement premium is persistent across stocks, and early (late) announcers earn higher (lower) returns. Nonannouncers' response to announcements is consistent with our model, both over time and across firms. Finally, exposure to announcement risk is priced.
Pages: 139-194 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12362 | Cited by: 71
ASLI M. ARIKAN, RENĂ M. STULZ
Agency theories predict that older firms make valueâdestroying acquisitions to benefit managers. Neoclassical theories predict instead that such firms make wealthâincreasing acquisitions to exploit underutilized assets. Using IPO cohorts, we establish that, while younger firms make more related and diversifying acquisitions than mature firms, the acquisition rate follows a Uâshape over firmsâ life cycle. Consistent with neoclassical theories, we show that acquiring firms have better performance and growth opportunities and create wealth through acquisitions of nonpublic firms throughout their life. Consistent with agency theories, older firms experience negative stock price reactions for acquisitions of public firms.
Pages: 195-224 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12363 | Cited by: 10
BRUCE D. GRUNDY, PATRICK VERWIJMEREN
Firms do not historically call their convertible bonds as soon as conversion can be forced. A number of explanations for the delay rely on the size of the dividends that bondholders forgo so long as they do not convert. We investigate an important change in convertible security design, namely, dividend protection of convertible bond issues. Dividend protection means that the conversion value of the convertible bond is unaffected by dividend payments and thus dividendârelated rationales for call delay become moot. We document that call delay is near zero for dividendâprotected convertible bonds.
Pages: 225-266 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12377 | Cited by: 31
I provide evidence that stocks experiencing unusually low trading volume over the week prior to earnings announcements have more unfavorable earnings surprises. This effect is more pronounced among stocks with higher shortâselling constraints. These findings support the view that unusually low trading volume signals negative information, since, under shortâselling constraints, informed agents with bad news stay by the sidelines. Changes in visibility or riskâbased explanations are insufficient to explain the results. This evidence provides insights into why unusually low trading volume predicts price declines.
Pages: 267-302 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12311 | Cited by: 85
TOM Y. CHANG, DAVID H. SOLOMON, MARK M. WESTERFIELD
We analyze brokerage data and an experiment to test a cognitive dissonance based theory of trading: investors avoid realizing losses because they dislike admitting that past purchases were mistakes, but delegation reverses this effect by allowing the investor to blame the manager instead. Using individual trading data, we show that the disposition effectâthe propensity to realize past gains more than past lossesâapplies only to nondelegated assets like individual stocks; delegated assets, like mutual funds, exhibit a robust reverseâdisposition effect. In an experiment, we show that increasing investors' cognitive dissonance results in both a larger disposition effect in stocks and a larger reverseâdisposition effect in funds. Additionally, increasing the salience of delegation increases the reverseâdisposition effect in funds. Cognitive dissonance provides a unified explanation for apparently contradictory investor behavior across asset classes and has implications for personal investment decisions, mutual fund management, and intermediation.
Pages: 303-334 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12366 | Cited by: 5
AMIYATOSH PURNANANDAM, DANIEL WEAGLEY
We analyze the role of financial markets in shaping the incentives of government agencies using a unique empirical setting: the weather derivatives market. We show that the introduction of weather derivative contracts on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) improves the accuracy of temperature measurement by 13% to 20% at the underlying weather stations. We argue that temperatureâbased financial markets generate additional scrutiny of the temperature data measured by the National Weather Service, which motivates the agency to minimize measurement errors. Our results have broader implications: the visibility and scrutiny generated by financial markets can potentially improve the efficiency of government agencies.
Pages: 335-382 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12302 | Cited by: 151
THIERRY FOUCAULT, JOHAN HOMBERT, IOANID ROĆU
We compare the optimal trading strategy of an informed speculator when he can trade ahead of incoming news (is âfastâ), versus when he cannot (is âslowâ). We find that speed matters: the fast speculator's trades account for a larger fraction of trading volume, and are more correlated with shortârun price changes. Nevertheless, he realizes a large fraction of his profits from trading on longâterm price changes. The fast speculator's behavior matches evidence about highâfrequency traders. We predict that stocks with more informative news are more liquid even though they attract more activity from informed highâfrequency traders.
Pages: 383-424 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12263 | Cited by: 31
DAVID P. BROWN, YOUCHANG WU
We develop a model of performance evaluation and fund flows for mutual funds in a family. Family performance has two effects on a member fund's estimated skill and inflows: a positive commonâskill effect, and a negative correlatedânoise effect. The overall spillover can be either positive or negative, depending on the weight of common skill and correlation of noise in returns. Its absolute value increases with family size, and declines over time. The sensitivity of flows to a fund's own performance is affected accordingly. Empirical estimates of fund flow sensitivities show patterns consistent with rational crossâfund learning within families.
Pages: 425-456 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12280 | Cited by: 34
ILONA BABENKO, OLIVER BOGUTH, YURI TSERLUKEVICH
Pages: 457-492 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12264 | Cited by: 51
DOMINIQUE C. BADOER, CHRISTOPHER M. JAMES
A significant proportion of the debt issued by investmentâgrade firms has maturities greater than 20 years. In this paper we provide evidence that gapâfilling behavior is an important determinant of these very longâterm issues. Using data on individual corporate debt issues between 1987 and 2009, we find that gapâfilling behavior is more prominent in the very long end of the maturity spectrum where the required risk capital makes arbitrage costly. In addition, changes in the supply of longâterm government bonds affect not just the choice of maturity but also the overall level of corporate borrowing.
Pages: 493-494 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12382 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 495-495 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12381 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 496-496 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12319 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 497-497 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12316 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 498-498 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12317 | Cited by: 0
Pages: 499-499 | Published: 1/2016 | DOI: 10.1111/jofi.12318 | Cited by: 0